The Central Board of Direct Taxes (CBDT) has notified income tax return (ITR) forms for the assessment year 2021-22 with minimum changes to reduce the compliance burden on taxpayers, especially individuals whose main source of income is salary.
The bare minimum changes in the ITRs relate primarily to the announcements made in the Finance Act 2020. To be sure, utilities for only ITR-1 and ITR-4 have been made available so far.
Let’s start the discussion – How will that affect the common taxpayer?
Can I pick up any ITR form right away and start filling it?
Not actually. Although the government has notified all ITR forms, you still need to download the Utilities and fill in the details. At present, the CBDT has allowed the ‘Utilities’ facilities only for ITR-1 and ITR-4.
Here, you download the applicable editable income tax form (utility), save it on your computer, fill it and then upload it on the income tax website.
Utilities for other ITRs will be added in the subsequent releases. Besides that, a step-by-step guide has been issued, giving instructions about how to install and use it.
These forms that you download come pre-filled to a large degree as the taxman already capture a lot of your investment and spending-related information. But the form also allows you to fill in a lot of your income details, yourself.
Changes in line with the new tax regime
Though the new ITR forms notified aren’t much different from last year’s forms, this year marks the first time that individual taxpayers will have to choose between existing and new income tax regimes while filing their taxes, under Section 115BAC of the Income Tax Act, 1961.
The new income tax regime- that carried lower income tax rates provided the taxpayer would let go of a host of income tax deductions and rebates- was introduced in Budget 2020.
Taxpayers not opting for the new tax regime will be entitled to various exemptions but they will have to pay tax at comparatively higher rates.
Sahaj (ITR-1) and Sugam (ITR-4) explained
Consequent to the Finance Act, 2020, the CBDT has imposed some restrictions on the filing of the ITR-1 (Sahaj) and ITR-4 (Sugam), which are simpler forms and filed by the bulk of small and medium taxpayers.
The ITR-1, which is Sahaj, is required to be filed by an individual having income up to Rs 50 lakh and who receives income from salary, one house property, or other sources mainly interest.
Sugam (ITR-4) is filed by individuals, Hindu Undivided Families (HUFs), and firms having total income up to Rs 50 lakh and income from business and profession computed under the provisions relating to presumptive taxation.
Who cannot use ITR-1 and ITR-4?
ITR-1 shall not be available to a taxpayer in whose case the tax has been deducted on cash withdrawal under Section 194N. Further, return filing is also not allowed in ITR-1 or ITR-4 if the tax has been deferred in respect of ESOPs allotted by an eligible start-up.”
Under section 194N of the IT Act, tax is required to be deducted if the amount of cash withdrawn during the year exceeds Rs 20 lakh in case of certain non-filers of return and Rs 1 crore in other cases from any bank, banking institution, cooperative bank or post office.
Further, if payment or deduction of tax in respect of such ESOPs has been deferred, under Rule 12, then you cannot use either ITR-1 or ITR-4. For this, you will have to either ITR-2 or ITR-3; the utilities for these forms are yet to be made available.
The most significant change in the ITR forms is the enabling of the option to choose the new tax regime that was made applicable vide Finance Act 2020.
The new tax regime offers 6 slabs with low tax rates if taxpayers forego a set of exemptions and deductions available under income tax laws.
Part A (General) of the new ITR Forms 1 and 2 require the assesses to disclose whether the new tax regime is being opted for or not.
It is also noted that ITR 1 cannot be filed by an individual in whose case tax has been deducted at source under section 194N of the Income Tax Act, which necessitates every bank/post office/ cooperative bank to withhold tax in case of cash withdrawal by an individual, from one or more of his accounts, during the financial year exceeds Rs 1 crore (Rs 20 lakh in case of non-filers of return for three previous years).
So far, utilities for only ITR-1 and ITR-4, the most sought-after tax return forms, have been notified. Utilities for other ITR forms are expected to be notified soon. Watch this space.
The new utility is a user-friendly functionality for filing returns and will afford greater ease to the taxpayers. The utility itself provides help in the form of FAQs, guidance notes, circulars, and provisions of the law so as to enable hassle-free return filing.