1. Agricultural Income [Section 10(1)]:
As per section 10(1), agricultural income earned by the taxpayer in India is exempt from tax. Agricultural income is defined under section 2(1A) of the Income-tax Act. As per section 2(1A), agricultural income generally means:
(a) Any rent or revenue derived from land which is situated in India and is used for agricultural purposes.
(b) Any income derived from such land by agriculture operations including processing of agricultural produce so as to render it fit for the market or sale of such produce.
(c) Any income attributable to a farmhouse subject to satisfaction of certain conditions specified in this regard in section 2(1A).
Any income derived from saplings or seedlings grown in a nursery shall be deemed to be agricultural income.
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The amount received by a member of the HUF from the income of the HUF, or in case of the impartible estate out of the income of family estate [Section 10(2)].
As per section 10(2), the amount received out of family income, or in the case of an impartible estate, the amount received out of the income of family estate by any member of such HUF is exempt from tax. Share of profit received by a partner from the firm [Section 10(2A)].
As per section 10(2A), the share of profit received by a partner from a firm is exempt from tax in the hands of the partner. Further, the share of profit received by a partner of LLP from the LLP will be exempt from tax in the hands of such partner. This exemption is limited only to share of profit and does not apply to interest on capital and remuneration received by the partner from the firm/LLP.
2. Certain interest to non-residents [Section 10(4)]:
As per section 10(4)(i), in the case of a non-resident, any income by way of interest on certain notified securities or bonds (including income by way of premium on the redemption of such bonds) is exempt from tax.
As per section 10(4)(ii), in the case of an individual, any income by way of interest on money standing to his credit in a Non-Resident (External) Account in any bank in India in accordance with the Foreign Exchange Management Act, 1999, and the rules made thereunder is exempt from tax.
Exemption under section 10(4)(ii) is available only if such individual is a person resident outside India as defined in clause (w) of section 2 of the Foreign Exchange Management Act, 1999 or is a person who has been permitted by the Reserve Bank of India to maintain the aforesaid Account.
3. Interest on notified savings certificates [Section 10(4B)]:
As per section 10(4B), in the case of an individual, being a citizen of India or a person of Indian origin, who is a non-resident, any income by way of interest on notified savings certificates (subscribed in convertible foreign exchange) issued before the 1st day of June 2002 by the Central Government is exempt from tax.
4. Interest on Rupee Denominated bonds [(Section 10(4C)]:
Any interest received or receivable by a non-resident or foreign company in respect of Rupee Denominated Bond (as referred to in Section 194LC) issued outside India during the period 17- 09-2018 to 31-03-2019 by an Indian company/business trust shall be exempt from tax.
5. Income from transfer of GDRs, Rupee Denominated Bonds or Derivatives by Category-III AIFs [(Section 10(4D)]:
Capital gain arising on transfer of a capital asset, being bonds, GDRs, rupee-denominated bonds or derivatives, as referred to in Section 47(viiab) by Category-III Alternative Investment Fund (AIF) shall be exempt from income tax to the extent such gains arise in respect of units in the AIF held by a non-resident. The exemption is allowed subject to the following conditions: –
a) The AIF should be approved by SEBI and located in any IFSC.
b) All the units of such AIF should be held by non-residents except sponsor or manager.
c) The transaction should be carried out on a recognized stock exchange located in any International Financial Services Centre (IFSC).
d) The consideration for such transfer should be paid or payable in convertible foreign exchange.
6. Leave travel concession [Section 10(5)]:
An employee can claim an exemption under section 10(5) in respect of Leave Travel Concession. Exemption under section 10(5) is available to all employees (i.e. Indian as well as foreign citizens).
The exemption is available in respect of the value of any travel concession or assistance received or due to the employee from his employer (including former employer) for himself and his family members in connection with his proceeding on leave to any place in India. Other provisions to be kept in mind in this regard are as follows:
Where the journey is performed by air: Amount of exemption will be lower of the amount of economy class airfare of the National Carrier by the shortest route or actual amount spent.
Where the journey is performed by rail: Amount of exemption will be lower of the amount of air-conditioned first-class rail fare by the shortest route or actual amount spent. The same rule will apply where the journey is performed by any other mode and the place of origin of journey and destination are connected by rail.
Where the place of origin and destination are not connected by rail and journey is performed by any mode of transport other than by air:
The exemption will be as follows:
(a) If recognized public transport exists: Exemption will be lower of first-class or deluxe class fare by the shortest route or actual amount spent.
(b) If no recognized public transport exists: Exemption will be lower of the amount of air-conditioned first-class rail fare by the shortest route (considering as if the journey is performed by rail) or actual amount spent.
Block: Exemption is available for 2 journeys in a block of 4 years. The block applicable for the current period is the calendar year 2014-17. The previous block was of the calendar year 2010-2013.
Carryover: If an employee has not availed of travel concession or assistance in respect of one or two permitted journeys in a particular block of 4 years, then he is entitled to carry over one journey to the next block. In this situation, the exemption will be available for 3 journeys in the next block. However, to avail of this benefit, the exemption in respect of journey should be utilized in the first calendar year of the next block. In other words, in the case of carryover, the exemption is available in respect of 3 journeys in a block, provided exemption in respect of at least 1 journey is claimed in the first year of the next block.
The exemption is in respect of actual expenditure on the fare, hence, if no journey is performed, then no exemption is available.
Family: Family will include spouse and children of the individual, whether dependent or not, and parents, brothers, sisters of the individual or any of them who are wholly or mainly dependent on him.
The exemption is restricted to only 2 surviving children born after October 1, 1998 (multiple births after the first single child will be considered as one child only), however, such restriction is not applicable to children born before October 1, 1998.
7. Remuneration received by specified diplomats and their staff [Section 10(6)(ii)]:
As per section 10(6)(ii), in case of an individual who is not a citizen of India, remuneration received by him as an official (by whatever name called) of an embassy, High Commission, legation, commission, consulate or trade representative of a foreign State, or member of the staff of any of that official is exempt from tax, if corresponding Indian official in that foreign country enjoys a similar exemption.
8. Salary of a foreign employee and non-resident member of the crew [Section 10(6)(vi), (viii)]:
As per section 10(6)(vi), the remuneration received by a foreign national as an employee of a foreign enterprise for services rendered by him during his stay in India is exempt from tax, provided the following conditions are fulfilled—
(a) the foreign enterprise is not engaged in any trade or business in India;
(b) his stay in India does not exceed in the aggregate a period of 90 days in such year; and
(c) such remuneration is not liable to be deducted from the income of the employer.
As per section 10(6)(viii), any salaries received by or due to a non-resident foreign national for services rendered in connection with his employment on a foreign ship where his total stay in India does not exceed in the aggregate a period of 90 days in the year is exempt from tax.
9. Remuneration of a foreign trainee [Section 10(6)(xi)]:
As per section 10(6)(xi), the remuneration received by a foreign trainee as an employee of foreign Government during his stay in India in connection with his training in any establishment or office of, or in any undertaking owned by, —
i. the Government; or
ii. any company owned by the Central Government, or any State Government
iii. any company which is a subsidiary of a company referred to in item (ii) or
iv. any corporation established by or under a Central, State or Provincial Act or
v. any co-operative society wholly financed by the Central Government, or any State Government
10. Tax paid on behalf of foreign company deriving income by way of royalty or fees for technical services [Section 10(6A)]:
Tax paid by Central Government, State Government or an Indian concern on behalf of a foreign company deriving income by way of royalty or fees for technical services in pursuance of an agreement made after March 31, 1976, but before June 1, 2002, will be exempt from tax in the hands of such foreign company provided such agreement is in accordance with the industrial the policy of the Indian Government or it is approved by the Central Government
11. Tax paid on behalf of foreign company or non-resident in respect of other income [Section 10(6B)]:
Tax paid by Central Government, State Government or an Indian concern on behalf of a foreign company or non-resident in respect of any income (not being salary, royalty, or fees for technical services) will be exempt from tax in the hands of such foreign company or non-resident if such income is received in pursuance of an agreement entered into before June 1, 2002, by the Central Government with the Government of a foreign State or international organization or any other related agreement approved by the Central Government.
12. Tax paid on behalf of foreign Government or foreign enterprise deriving income by way of lease of aircraft or aircraft engine [Section 10(6BB)]:
Tax paid by an Indian company, engaged in the business of operation of aircraft, on behalf of foreign Government or foreign enterprise deriving income by way of lease of aircraft or aircraft the engine will be exempt from tax in the hands of such foreign Government or foreign enterprise if such lease rental is received under an agreement that is approved by Central Government and entered during the period between 31-3-1997 to 1-4 1999, or after 31-3-2007
13. Technical fees received by a notified foreign company [Section 10(6C)]:
Section 10(6C) grants exemption from tax in respect of income arising to notified foreign the company by way of royalty or fees for technical services received in pursuance of an agreement entered into with that Government for providing services in or outside India in projects connected with the security of India.
14. Royalty/Fees received by a non-resident from National Technical Research Organisation [Section 10(6D)]:
As per section 10(6D), income arising to a non-resident by way of royalty or fees for technical services from services rendered to the National Technical Research Organization (‘NTRO’) will be exempt from tax in India.
15. Compensation for Bhopal Gas Leak Disaster [Section 10(10BB)]:
Compensation [in accordance with Bhopal Gas Leak Disaster (Processing of Claims) Act, 1985] received by victims of the Bhopal gas leak disaster is exempt from tax. However, compensation received for any expenditure which is allowed as a deduction from taxable income is not exempt.